Herb Benefits & Uses in Ayurveda
Medicinal plants are nature's gift to human beings to promote a disease free healthy life. Many medicinal plants are present in a group of herbal preparations of the Indian traditional health care system (Ayurveda) named Rasayana proposed for their interesting antioxidant activities.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Ajwain
Latin Name: Trachyspermum ammi (syn. Carum copticum)
English Name: Ajowan
Ajwain is known for its many health benefits, such as to prevent bad breath, help get rid of indigestion, prevent flatulence, enhance appetite, help in nausea and vomiting, useful as a laxative, beneficial in heart diseases, useful for abdominal pain and effective in the case of liver diseases.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Amla
Latin Name: Phyllanthus embilica (syn. Embelia officinalis)
English Name: Indian gooseberry
Indian gooseberry, also known as Amla in Ayurveda, is known to enrich hair growth and hair pigmentation, strengthen roots of hair, adds luster and clears dandruff. Taking Amla juice with honey is good for improving eyesight. Gooseberry contains chromium. Amla stimulates the isolated group of cells that secrete the hormone insulin, thus it reduces blood sugar in diabetic patient. Amla strengthens heart muscles. So heart pumps blood flawless throughout the body. Due to its antibacterial and astringent attributes the Indian Gooseberry protects against infection. It improves body resistance. Amla is an excellent Source of Vitamin-C. It is the most concentrated form of Vitamin C found in the plant kingdom. It is also known to strengthen the liver and help in eliminating toxins from the body. Research shows that Amla helps lower cholesterol.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Anantamool
Latin Name: Hemidesmus indicus (syn. Periploca indica L.)
English Name: East Indian sarsaparilla
East Indian sarsaparilla, also known as Anantamool in Ayurveda, helps alleviate loss of appetite and indigestion. It helps improve the quality and quantity of sperms. It is useful in cough and respiratody discomfort. Helps alleviate excessive bleeding during menstruation, improve the complexion, helps destroy toxic poisons, and it is useful in treatment of syphilis and leucoderma, lever and kidney related diseases. It is also useful in treatment of urinary discharges and skin diseases.
It is also known to be effective for elephantiasis, autoimmune disease, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic skin disorders, asthma, bronchitis, nephritic complaints, chronic skin diseases, ulcers etc.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Arjuna
Latin Name: Terminalia arjuna
English Name: Arjuna
Arjuna is a cardio protective herbal remedy. Scientific studies show that is has beneficial effects in angina, heart disease, heart failure, edema, and high cholesterol. The bark of this tree is high in Co-enzyme Q-10. Thus it helps in Cirrhosis of liver and reduces blood pressure. It is used specifically for all conditions associated with cardiac failure including irregular heartbeat, palpitations, mitral valve prolapse, coronary artery disease, hypertension and congestive heart failure. Arjuna has a stimulant effect on the heart so it is particularly useful for a weak heart. Arjuna strengthens the heart muscle – unlike digitalis or nitroglycerine that only strengthens and restores heart beat with no nutritive effect on the heart muscle itself.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Ashoka
Latin Name: Saraca indica
English Name: Ashoka
The bark of Ashoka is useful for excessive blood loss during menstruation, uterine fibroids, leucorrhea, and uterine hemorrhages. It is also used for problems of the reproductive system. This is a very good tonic for women.
Used in Sai Herbals products: Fem Health
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Ashwagandha
Latin Name: Withania somnifera
English Name: Winter cherry
Winter cherry, also known as Ashwagandha in Ayurveda, helps in many conditions like stress, fatigue, anxiety, depression, palpitation, nervous breakdown, brain fag, memory loss, neuropathy; chronic fatigue syndrome, loss of muscular energy, weight loss and ageing. It is also used for hypertension, diabetes, arthritis, depression, general debility etc. It has antioxidant properties that help revitalize and nourish the muscles and tissues in the body. It acts as immunity booster and helps strengthen the body’s immune and nervous system. Helps support the normal functionality of vital organs of the body, including the reproductive system and the adrenals.
Ashwagandha Supplements also act as libido enhancers, helping to increase sexual drive and sterility; and effectively manage conditions like erectile dysfunction, spermatorrhea and loss of physical strength. Moreover, these supplements also help to strengthen the nerves, muscles and tissues in the body, thereby increasing the stamina and improving the overall physical fitness.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Bharangi
Latin Name: Clerodendrum serratum
English Name: Clerodendrum
Clerodendrum serratum, also known in Ayurveda as Bharangi, is useful in healing the wounds, lymphadenopathy, indigestion, problems related to blood, inflammation, respiratory disorders, tuberculosis, and asthma.
Bharangi is a one of the common herbs used in the treatment of common cold, chronic sinusitis, allergic rhinitis, cough and other chronic respiratory problems. It is also used by Ayurveda for relief from fever and hyper-pyrexia. Bharangi has been investigated for its antipyretic and antihistamine properties.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Bhringraj
Latin Name: Eclipta alba (syn. Eclipta prostrate)
English Name: Eclipta
Elipta, also known in Ayurveda as Bhringraj, is an ancient ayurvedic herb used for hair loss, premature graying, skin allergies, and devitalized skin and hair. Bhringraj is a preventative to the aging process which maintains and helps rejuvenate bones, teeth, hair, sight, hearing, and memory. It is a rejuvenative herb for for the liver; it is the best medicine for cirrhosis. It is also the best Ayurvedic herbal medicine for the hair. It helps calm the mind from excessive activity and promotes sound sleep. Other organs, like kidneys and heart can benefit from bhringraj powder. Bhringraj powder may help to cleanse and rejuvenate both the kidneys and the liver and improves blood flow to the heart by regulating blood pressure levels, lowering cholesterol and improving triglyceride levels. In India, it often helps treat both hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Bhumiamla
Latin Name: Phylllanthus niruri (syn. Phyllanthus amarus)
English Name: Country gooseberry
Country gooseberry, also known in Ayurveda as Bhumiamla, is a wonder fruit primarily efficacious for the treatment of the spleen and liver. Bhumi Amla is a key ingredient in liver tonics and is known to enhance the healthy functioning of the liver. It also helps to alleviate cough and relieve asthma, supports blood purification, helps in diabetes, chronic fever, urinary diseases, Hepatitis B, etc. It is also useful for clearing and preventing gall stones. Human clinical trials attest to the enhancement in liver role and alleviation of hepatitis symptoms. It has the power to clear digestive tract disorders with hyperacidity, inflammation and dysentery. It may be of use in impaired immune disorders, especially in viral conditions such as myalgic encephalomyelitis, HIV, flu, herpes. It is used in menorrhagia and it helps clear inflammatory heat from the lower abdomen which in turn reduces congestion, leucorrhoea and painful urination. It effectively clears stones and gravel from the urinary system.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Bibhitaki
Latin Name: Terminalia bellirica
English Name: Belleric myrobalan
Belleric myrobalan, also known in Ayurveda as Bibhitaki, is used for digestive and excretory disorders. It is mainly used in combination with two other herbs called Haritaki and Amalaki to make a mixed powder called Triphala, which is the only known best natural herbal remedy for chronic constipation. Triphala is good for clearing parasites, settling indigestion and maintain a healthy digestive and excretory system.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Big Elachi
Latin Name: Amomum subulatum Roxb
English Name: Black cardamom
Black cardamom or Cardamomum, also known in Ayurveda as Big Elaichi, has been known to have analgesic, anti-inflamatory, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. Thus it has been used for oxidative diseases such as chronic fatigue, premature ageing symptoms, degenerative cardiovascular and neurovascular diseases associated with ageing. It is also used for healing the upper respiratory tract infections. It gives relief in sore throat, and also useful in nauseatic conditions.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Brahmi
Latin Name: Bacopa monnieri (syn. Herpestis mommiera)
English Name: Bacopa
Bacopa, also known in Ayurveda as Brahmi, is a great neurotonic, immuno-modulator, adaptogen, tranquilizer, memory and learning enhancer, cerebral activator, antispasmodic, anti-asthmatic, anti-allergenic ayurvedic herb. It is also used as herbal supplement in epilepsy, anxiety and depression. It is known for its beneficial actions on brain, memory, mental deficiency, alzheimer's disease, learning skills, anxiety, depression, stress, epilepsy and ADHD children.
The sulfhydryl and polyphenol components of Bacopa monniera (Brahmi) extract have also been shown to impact the oxidative stress cascade by scavenging reactive oxygen species, inhibiting lipoxygenase activity and reducing divalent metals. This mechanism of action may explain the effect of Bacopa monniera extract in reducing beta amyloid deposits in mice with Alzheimer's disease.
Brahmi has a demonstrated ability to reverse diazepam-induced amnesia in the Morris water maze test. The mechanism of this action is unknown. In some trials, bacopacide extract did not restore or enhance memory formation, but improved retention. In others including a randomized clinical trial of 98 healthy older people (over 55 years) Bacopa significantly improved memory acquisition and retention. Brahmi can enhance the immune function by increasing immunoglobulin production. It may regulate antibody production by augmenting both Th1 and Th2 cytokine production. It is used in indigenous systems of medicine for the treatment of asthma, hoarseness, insanity, epilepsy and as a potent nerve tonic, cardiotonic and diuretic. A clinical report showed that this drug is an anti-anxiety agent having adaptogenic effect.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Camphor
Latin Name: Cinnamomum camphora
English Name: Camphor
Campohor (Cinnamomum campohora), for thousands of years has been prized for its bacteria-fighting and preservative powers. Indian Ayurvedic medicine has used camphor as an antibacterial agent for over 5,000 years. During the 1800s camphor was very popular in both America and Europe, where people often wore camphor crystals around their necks to treat respiratory ailments and ward off infectious disease.
Camphor is known to be anti-spasmodic, and also effective in easing convulsions, nervous disorders, epileptic attacks and general nervousness. It is useful as a stimulant, a decongestant and as an anti-inlamatory agent for ENT problems, and is effective for respiratory disorders and cough suppressant. It is anti-neuralgic, anti-inflammatory, carminative, anti-rheumatic, anti-arthritic & anti-phlogistic. Small quantities of pure white camphor are known to be effective for various conditions, and camphor oils are used for external treatments.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Chobchini
Latin Name: Smilax china
English Name: Chinese smilax
Chinese smilax, also known in Ayurveda as Chobchini, has anti-inflammatory, digestive, laxative, depurative, aphrodisiac, and diuretic, properties and is used as a tonic. It is used in dyspepsia, flatulence, colic, constipation and helminthiasis. It is useful in skin diseases, leprosy and psoriasis. It is also useful in seminal weakness and general debility. It detoxifies organs, cleanses blood, aids absorption and kills bacteria. It also stimulates digestion, increases urination, protects liver and promotes perspiration.
In herbal medicine, it is used mostly in combination with other herbs for its tonic, detoxifying, blood purifying, and lymph-cleansing properties.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Daru Haridra
Latin Name: Berberis aristata
English Name: Indian berberry
Indian berberry, also known in Ayurveda as Daru Hridra, has properties that are antibacterial and anti-inflammatory in nature. It is useful in treating anorexia, dysentery, hepatitis and liver disorders. As a blood purifier, a decoction of daru haridra used in combination, is beneficial in the secondary stage of syphilis. The decoction of herb helps reduce swellings in hepato-splenomegaly. It also works well, when given with honey, in jaundice. Daruharidra, as an adjunct, is effective in the treatment of obesity to reduce excessive fats. The decoction along with haridra forms a good anti-diabetic combination. It also effectively reduces the uterine inflammations, hence it is a valuable medicament for leucorrhea and menorrhagia. The decoction also helps in healing the ulcers of the cervix.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Dhania
Latin Name: Coriandrum sativum
English Name: Coriander
Coriander, also known as Cilantro and in Ayurveda as Dhania or Cilantro, is a powerful herb with many health benefits. According to a study, coriander seed extract significantly reduced blood sugar and increased insulin release from the pancreas.
This herb is an excellent source of iron, phytonutrients and flavonoids. It protects the body against urinary tract infections, prevents nausea, lowers blood sugar levels and aids in digestion. Coriander juice is beneficial in treating dysentery, colitis, indigestion and hepatitis. When mixed with a pinch of turmeric powder, it serves as a powerful remedy against blackheads and pimples.
Boiled coriander seeds are beneficial for women who suffer from heavy menstrual flow and hormonal mood swings. Due to its analgesic proprieties, coriander leaves may help in treating arthritis. The antioxidant and antifungal proprieties of coriander are ideal for treating skin dryness, eczema and other skin disorders. Corriander also helps reduce LDL or "bad cholesterol" while increasing HDL or "good cholesterol" levels.
The herb is a good source of minerals like potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Potassium in an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Iron is essential for red blood cell production.
Corriander is also rich in many vital vitamins including folic-acid, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin-A, beta carotene, vitamin-C, which are essential for optimum health. Vitamin-C is a powerful natural antioxidant. Cilantro leaves provides 30% of daily recommended levels of vitamin-C.
It provides 6748 IU of vitamin-A per 100 g, about 225% of recommended daily intake. Vitamin-A, an important fat soluble vitamin and anti-oxidant, is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin and is also essential for vision. Consumption of natural foods rich in vitamin-A and flavonoids (carotenes) helps body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
Cilantro is one of the richest herbal sources for vitamin K; provides about 258% of DRI. Vitamin-K has potential role in bone mass building by promoting osteotrophic activity in the bones. It also has an established role in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease patients by limiting neuronal damage in their brain.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Gokshura
Latin Name: Tribulus terrestris
English Name: Tribulus
Tribulus, also known in Ayurveda as Gokshura, enjoys many cross-cultural uses. Ancient Greeks used it as a general tonic. In India and China, the herb is used to support the normal function of the liver, kidneys and urinary tract. It is also used in both Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine to support the normal function of the male reproductive system.
Gokshura or tribulus also works as an aphrodisiac agent. It has aphrodisiac properties which help in increasing the semen quantity and increase stamina. It helps in conditions like impotence and sterility. Furthermore, it also has aphrodisiac properties especially helpful in enhancing female libido. Overall it is helpful in rectifying the abnormalities in the female as well as male sexual functioning.
Gokshura or tribulus is a prostate herb that heals many urinary and prostate discomforts. It helps the flow of urine by cooling and relaxing the membranes of the urinary tract. It helps improve uro-genital diseases like kidney stones, bladder infection and other urinary tract infections. This herb is also very beneficial for diabetes.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Guggul
Latin Name: Commophora mukul (syn. Commiphora wightii ; Commiphora mukul)
English Name: Indian bedellium tree
Indian bedellium tree, also known in Ayurveda as Guggul, mixed with other natural herbs have been used to heal health problems such as arthritis, hemorrhoids, and urinary tract infections, high cholesterol, and gugul has also been found to stimulate the thyroid.
One of the Guggul's main actions is to help in weight loss. Gugul is greatly helpful in lowering cholesterol levels and it should be coupled with dietary restrictions of fat intake. This botanical gum acts on all the three components of lipid profile - HDL, LDL and Triglycerides. There is significant lowering of cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The ratio of HDL/LDL is also found to be favorable.
Degenerative joint disorders like osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis respond well to Guggul. It acts as an anti-inflammatory agent that has the potential to reduce joint pain, swelling, morning stiffness and other related symptoms. In South Carolina University Of Health Sciences, USA, 2003, the use of Commiphora mukul (Gugul) showed significant improvement in Osteoarthritis in both clinical and preclinical studies. The data indicate reduction of pain and stiffness, improved mobility and suggested it to be relatively well tolerable. A group of people treated with Guggul showed the parallel increased activity of anti-oxidative enzymes - SOD (Superoxide dismutase) and CAT (Catalase). These findings for safe and anti-peroxidative nature of this herb indicate its possible use in the treatment of Hypothyroidism.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Gurmar
Latin Name: Gymnema sylvestre sylvestre (syn. Gynandropsiss gynandra; Cleome gynandra)
English Name: Gymnema
Gymnema, also known in Ayurveda as Gurmar, lowers blood glucose levels and is very anti-inflammatory in action. Studies show that taking Gurmar can lower the amount of insulin needed by ½, which is very significant. Gurmar also lowers cholesterol and triglycerides. And Gurmar has been known to slow down addition of fat to the body helping a person stay lean. It is also used in the diseases of heart, piles, asthma, bronchitis, and biliousness. The Indian name Gumar literally means "Sugar Killer". Its regular use will help keep blood sugar level within acceptable limits.
Gymnemic acid has anti-diabetic property. It has an inhibitory effect on plasma glucose and serum insulin in man. The plant is stomachic, stimulantive, laxative and diuretic.
Clinical Studies: GS4, an extract from the leaves of G.sylvestre, was administered (400mg/day) for 18-20 months as a supplement to the conventional oral drugs. During GS4 supplementation, the patients showed a significant reduction in blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin and glycosylated plasma proteins, and conventional drug dosage could be decreased. Five of the 22 type 2 diabetic patients were able to discontinue their conventional drug and maintain their blood glucose homeostasis with GS4 alone.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Haldi
Latin Name: Curcuma longa (syn. Curcuma domestica)
English Name: Turmeric
Turmeric, also known in Ayurveda as Haldi, has been used for over 2500 years in India. Recent research has revealed that turmeric is a natural wonder, proving beneficial in the treatment of many different health conditions; from cancer to Alzheimer's disease. When combined with cauliflower, it has shown to prevent prostate cancer and stop the growth of existing prostate cancer.
It is a natural liver detoxifier. It may prevent and slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease by removing amyloyd plaque buildup in the brain. It may also prevent metastases from occurring in many different forms of cancer. It is a potent natural anti-inflammatory that works as well as many anti-inflammatory drugs but without the side effects.
Turmeric may aid in fat metabolism and help in weight management, and because of its anti-inflammatory properties, it is a natural treatment for arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Promising studies are underway on the effects of turmeric on pancreatic cancer. Turmeric has been shown to stop the growth of new blood vessels in tumors. Turmeric is known to speed up wound healing and assist in remodeling of damaged skin. It is used in the treatment of psoriasis and other inflammatory skin conditions. Some practitioners use Turmeric for hepatatis, fibromyalgia, liver and gall bladder problems, parasites and even blood infections.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Haritaki
Latin Name: Terminalia chebula
English Name: Chebulic myrobalan
Chebulic myrobalan, also known in Ayurveda as Haritaki, has rejuvenative, laxative, astringent and purgative properties. It also reduces swelling and acts as a cleanser. It is one of the ingredients used in Triphala, which is the best known remedy for constipation. Several gastrointestinal ailments such as ascites, tumors, enlargement of liver-spleen, piles, colitis and intestinal worms can be treated with Haritaki. Hepatitis and obesity are also treated with the herb’s decoction when taken with honey. The herb is effective in digestion and improves appetite.
The herb is also good for vaginal discharges such as leucorrhea and urethral discharges such as spermatorrhea. This herb can be taken for a long duration as it has no side effects. It helps to eliminate all the waste products from the body. Haritaki is known to be useful in treating skin problems and skin diseases. As Haritaki promotes the cleansing, it also helps to get rid of the kidney stones. Along with the bowel movement, Haritaki also promotes the urine expel from the body which in turn reduces the effect of kidney stones. Haritaki promotes weight loss. Haritaki powder mixed with honey should be taken on empty stomach to treat obesity and induce weight loss.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Jamun giri
Latin Name: Syzigium cumini (syn. Eugenia jambolana ; Sysygium jambolana)
English Name: Jambolan
Jambolan, also known in Ayurveda as Jamun giri, is a healthy fruit with absolutely no trace of sucrose. It is therefore, the only fruit with minimum calories. Not only the fruit, but the seed and also the leaves and bark of the jamun tree are believed to have medicinal properties. Many scientific researches have shown that dried alcoholic extracts of the seeds of the fruit given to diabetic patients on a regular basis showed a reduction in the level of their blood sugar and glycosuria. Also a concoction made from the mixture of dried seeds and the bark is considered beneficial in the cure of diarrhoea and dysentery. The bark of the tree has high astringent properties and is therefore used for gargles and as a mouthwash.
The acidic, sour, sweet, and soothing fruit is used to treat diabetes, diarrhoea and ringworm. The fruit also has blood purifying properties. The leaves of the jamun tree possess anti-bacterial properties and are used for making medicines for the strengthening of the teeth and gums. The juice of the jamun fruit is extremely soothing and has a colling effect on the stomach and helps in the proper functioning of the digestive system. The leaves of the tree also help in controlling the blood pressure and gingivitis.
Used in Sai Herbals Products: Diabcon
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Jatamansi
Latin Name: Nardostachys jatamansi (syn. Nardostachys grandiflora)
English Name: Jatamansi
Jatamansi is used as a brain tonic, which gives peace and a sense of calmness to the mind. The herbal powder of Jatamansi is an effective remedy for various mental disorders and mental retardation. A paste prepared by mixing the herb in cold water, is used for reducing inflammation, pain, burning sensation and also to improve skin texture. Jatamansi also regularizes digestion, respiration and eliminates general body weakness.
Jatamansi herb is used for silky, smooth and healthy hair growth. The herb maintains the blood circulatory system. It is also used to treat various urinary problems. The herb also helps in relieving the phlegm in asthma and cough, increases appetite, relieves hepatitis and also treats liver enlargement. The herb relieves symptoms of seizures and vertigo in fever. It is a nervine rejuvenator (which relieves stress and rhuvenates tension in nerves). Since it is said to exert a cleansing effect on the uterus, it is may also be used in menstrual ailments like dysmenorrheal and inflammation of the uterus. The herb stops fermentation and gas in the stomach. Jatamamsi is considered as one of the best herbs for treating epilepsy. It reduces hyperactivity, restlessness and aggressiveness in hyperactive children.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Jeera
Latin Name: Cuminum cyminum
English Name: Cumin
Cumin, also known in Ayurveda as Jeera, is said to work as a blood purifier and to be helpful in cases of body aches, inflammation, worm infestation, skin diseases, vomiting and nausea, menstrual disturbances, indigestion, abdominal pain, urine related problems like renal calculi. It is also helpful in dyspepsia, biliousness and flatulence and in providing strength to women after delivery.
Jeera is rich in vitamin-E. The essential oils present in this have disinfectant and anti fungal properties, which prevent any microbial and fungal infection from affecting the skin. Cumin seeds are a good source of iron. Iron is an integral component of hemoglobin, which transports oxygen from the lungs to all body cells, and is also part of key enzyme systems for energy production and metabolism. Additionally, iron is instrumental in keeping your immune system healthy. Iron is particularly important for menstruating women who lose iron each month during menses. Additionally, growing children and adolescents have an increased need for iron, as do women who are pregnant or lactating. Research has shown that cumin may stimulate the secretion of pancreatic enzymes, compounds necessary for proper digestion and nutrient assimilation.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Kali mirch
Latin Name: Piper nigrum
English Name: Black pepper
Black pepper, also known in Ayurveda as Kali mirch, is useful in relieving flatulence and has a stimulating effect on the digestive organs and increases the flow of saliva and gastric juices. Along with long pepper and ginger, it forms the herbal preparation called trikatu, an important ingredient in many ayurvedic formulations. It has cleansing and antioxidant properties, and it is a bioavailability enhancer. It helps transport the benefits of other herbs to the different parts of the body. It helps the free flow of oxygen to the brain, helps enhance digestion and circulation and stimulates the appetite, and helps maintain respiratory system health and the health of joints. It helps in increasing energy and stimulating the overall nervous system. It also helps in rheumatoid arthritis and muscular pains when mixed with other herbal combinations. It is used in some herbal formulations as a remedy for cough, sore throat and respiratory disorders.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Kalmegh
Latin Name: Andrographics paniculata
English Name: Andrographis
Andrographis, also known in Ayurveda as Kalmegh, is used in the Indian traditional system of medicine as a liver protective agent and has been reported to have antioxidant effects against different liver toxins. It acts as a blood purifier, and is helpful in cases of torbid liver, jaundice, dermatological diseases and dyspepsia. It is chiefly used in viral hepatitis, diminished appetite and drug induced liver damage. Kalmegh acts as antibacterial and appears to have beneficial effect in reducing diarrhoea and symptoms arising from bacterial infections. It has anti inflammatory properties, and it is known to be beneficial in healing diabetes and cancer. Along with other herbal combinations, it helps in arresting high cholesterol.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: KapiKachchu
Latin Name: Mucuna pruriens (syn. Mucuna prurita)
English Name: Velvet bean
Velvet bean, also known in Ayurveda as KapiKachchu, is known to be a very effective aphrodisiac. It enhances libido functions, increases sperm count and ovulation in women, prevents male and female sterility, augments testosterone levels, helps the nervous system reach optimum performance and acts as a nervine tonic. This herb is also very good for the nervous system and reproductive system. It is very good to increase the production of human hormones (HCG). Kapikachhu is one of the most valuable herbs which are very useful to increase the low sperm count. This herb also helps you to boost the mood for sexual desire.
Kapikachhu is also used as a dietary supplement and it will help the evidence of protein in muscles and therefore, can increase muscle mass and strength. It helps to break down the surplus body fat and hence useful for weight loss. Kapikachhu is also very effective in generating the tissues from which a person feels more fresh and energetic and stamina as well.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Karela
Latin Name: Momordica charantia
English Name: Bitter melon
Widely known as Bitter melon or Bitter gourd, Karela is known to control blood sugar levels. Other compounds in bitter melon have been found to activate the AMPK, the protein that regulates glucose uptake (a process which is impaired in diabetics).
Bitter melon also contains a lectin that has insulin-like activity. This lectin lowers blood glucose concentrations by acting on peripheral tissues and, similar to insulin's effects in the brain, suppressing appetite. Bitter melon contains a unique phyto-constituent that has been confirmed to have a hypoglycemic effect called charantin. There is also another insulin-like compound known as polypeptide P which has been suggested as insulin replacement in some diabetic patients.
Researchers at Saint Louis University claim that an extract from bitter melon, commonly eaten and known as karela in India, causes a chain of events which helps to kill breast cancer cells and prevents them from multiplying.
Bitter gourd has many nutritional benefits. It is very low in calories but dense with precious nutrients. It is an excellent source of vitamins B1, B2, and B3, C, magnesium, folic acid, zinc, phosphorus, manganese, and has high dietary fiber. It is rich in iron, contains twice the beta-carotene of broccoli, twice the calcium of spinach, and twice the potassium of a banana.
Karela is also known to have healing effects on blood disorders, low energy, eye problems, hangover, liver problems, weak immune system, piles, psoriasis, and toxemia.
Used in Sai Herbals Products: Diabcon
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Kasni (seed)
Latin Name: Cichorium intybus
English Name: Chicory
Chicory, also known in Ayurveda as Kasni, acts as a pain reliever and anti inflammatory agent. It is also an appetizer, liver stimulantor and increases digestive powers. It acts as a blood purifier and provides strength to the heart. It is a diuretic and its roots reduce menstrual disturbances. It also helps in lowering the blood pressure. It is also beneficial in cases like Urticaria, liver related disorders, blood impurity, menstrual disturbances, hypertension, and general body weakness.
For at least 5000 years, Kasni has been cultivated for its medicinal benefits. The root extracts have been used as a diuretic and laxative, and to treat fevers and jaundice. The second-century physician Galen called chicory a “friend of the liver”, and it has since been shown to increase the flow of bile, which could be helpful in cases of gallstones. Laboratory research has also shown root extracts to be antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and slightly sedative. They also slow and weaken the pulse and lower blood sugar.
Used in Sai Herbals Products: Slimbody
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Kokilaksha
Latin Name: Asteracantha longifolia (syn. Hygrophila auriculate)
English Name: Hygrophila
Hygrophila, also known in Ayurveda as Kokilaksha, has aphrodisiac properties, and is a stimulant to the male genital system and is beneficial for the treatment of sexual debility, premature ejaculation and erectile failure. It is also used in the diseases like urinary stones, rheumatoid arthritis, edema, thirst and gout. Mixed with Shatavari (Aparagus racemosus) and Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) roots, Kokilaksha is beneficial in nocturnal emissions. The seeds bestow excellent results in urinary ailments like dysuria, urinary calculi and cystitis.
The roots, leaves and seeds of Kokilaksha have been used in Indian systems of medicine as diuretics and also employed to cure jaundice, dropsy, rheumatism, anasarca and diseases of the urinogenital tract.
Used in Sai Herbals Products: Mantonic
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Kumari
Latin Name: Aloe vera (syn. Aloe barbadensis)
English Name: Aloe vera
Aloe Vera, also known in Ayurveda as Kumari, has since ancient times been known to have some amazing healing properties. It is known to have healing effects for conditions like: controlling growth of tumors and colon cancers, high cholesterol, healing clotted or sticky blood, inflammations and arthritis, ulcers, Crohn’s disease and digestive disorders, high blood pressure, candida infections, electrolyte balance, cardiovascular disorders and body weakness, kidney diseases, menstrual cramps & irregularity, ulcerative colitis, herpes simplex and zoster, vaginitis, edema, diabetes, varicose veins, radiation dermatitis and psoriasis.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Lata Kasturi
Latin Name: Abelmoschus moschatus (syn. Hibiscus abelmoschus)
English Name: Musk mallow
Musk mallow, also known in Ayurveda as Lata Kasturi, helps in clearing out the urinary tract and its related ailments. It is widely used as an aphrodisiac agent and it improves sperm counts and the erectile dysfunction. This herb is used in combination with other ones to enhance certain functions of the reproductive system. It is said to be useful in balancing the testerostone levels.
Used in Sai Herbals Products: Mantonic
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Manjishta
Latin Name: Rubia cordifolia
English Name: Indian madder
According to Ayurveda Indian madder, also known in Ayurveda as Manjistha, is probably the best blood-purifying herb. It cools and detoxifies the blood and dissolves obstructions in blood flow. It is used as an immune regulator, it regulates blood pressure and the tendency of blood to form clots. It is anti-inflammatory and is useful in healing wounds and in treating skin diseases, in blood purification, inincreasing appetite and in stimulation and contraction of uterus. It is also effective for dyspepsia, anorexioa, menstrual problems, urinary infections, kidney stones, dysuria and for skin diseases like eczema, acne, herpes, psoriasis, and dermatitis.
Manjishta stops bleeding by two methods; by cooling the ‘heat’ that causes blood to burst out of its proper channel, and by clearing congested blood that can cause blood to overflow out of its appropriate pathway. Manjishta is useful for bleeding ulcers, haemoptysis, epistaxis, menorrhagia, menorrhagia and haematuria. It is useful for any gynaecological problem and problems to do with urine and kidneys. It is also a useful for gradually dissolving kidney and bladder stones as the anthraquinones act as chelating agents helping to draw excess calcium from the system.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Methi
Latin Name: Trigonella foenum seeds
English Name: Fenugreek
Fenugreek, also known in Ayurveda as Methi, proves to be a very good agent in reducing bad cholesterol from the body. Since ancient times, it has been used to treat diabetes as it helps in reducing glucose in blood and urine. Fenugreek also helps in maintaining good metabolism and prevents constipation. It purifies blood and helps in flushing out the harmful toxins. This natural herb has very potent seeds, which also help in healing premature hair fall. Fenugreek is very effective in losing weight. With the assistance of proper diet and exercise, fenugreek can work wonders on your body. The fiber in fenugreek fills the stomach, even when consumed in a little amount. Fenugreek helps attain hormonal balance in women and therefore, helps in enlargement of breasts. It is an essential ingredient of many breast enhancer medicines and is widely used in commercial preparation. Also, it helps increase the lactation in breast feeding women.
Studies have found people who took 2 ounces (56g) of fenugreek seed each day had significantly (around 14 percent) lower cholesterol levels after 24 weeks, and had lowered their risk of heart attack by more than 25 percent.
Studies have shown that participants with Type 2 diabetes had significantly lower blood sugar levels after eating fenugreek.
Research has shown that Fenugreek is an effective topical treatment for skin problems such as abscesses,boils, burns, eczema, and gout. Fenugreek seeds contain a lot of mucilage, which helps sooth gastrointestinal inflammation by coating the lining of the stomach and intestine. Therefore, fenugreek is an effective remedy against heartburn or Acid Reflux.
Fenugreek has been known to increase milk production in lactating women. Research has even shown that milk production can increase by over 500 percent within 24 to 72 hours after consuming this herb. Although it is not known why this happens, researchers speculate that the oil contained in fenugreek seeds plays a role.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Nagkesar
Latin Name: Mesua ferrea fruit
English Name: Mesua
Mesua, also known in Ayurveda as Nagkesar, is a renowned herb in herbal medications as it significantly shows antibacterial, antifungal and anthelmintic activities. It exhibits anti-inflammatory and is useful for itching, nausea, metrorrhagea, menorrhagea, excessive thirst, and sweating. The roots of the herb are used as an antidote for snake poison. Nagkesar is used as a cure for scabies, sores, rheumatism and wounds. It is used for skin ailments and internal infections.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Neem
Latin Name: Azadirachta indica (syn. Mela azadirachta)
English Name: Neem
Neem has many amazing healing properties. It soothes itchines, redness and irritation. It improves general skin health and immunity, combating bacterial infections, as in acne, boils and ulcers. Neem is an interesting alternative to antibiotics. One of the top neem benefits is that it lets you avoid harsh chemicals and nasty insecticides when treating conditions like psoriasis, eczema, scabies, head lice and more.
Neem leaf is an essential ingredient in many Ayurvedic remedies. Indians have known for thousands of years that taking neem has many benefits. It stimulates the immune system, improves the liver function, and detoxifies the blood. It is famous as a malaria treatment and for diabetes. Neem is just about anti-everything: anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-septic, anti-diabetic, anti-fungal, and is a blood-purifier. The range of diseases that has been traditionally treated with neem, or where research is being done, is huge: AIDS, cancer, malaria, diabetes, hepatitis, duodenal ulcers, kidney disorders, fungal infections, yeast infections, STDs, all kinds of skin disorders, periodontal disease, mononucleosis, blood disorders, heart diseases, nerve disorders, allergies... and the list goes on.
Clinic results suggest that these anti-inflammatory properties are due to the presence of compounds such as nimbidin, limonoids and catechin, which are found primarily in neem seeds.
Below are some interesting facts about Neem:
- Neem is often massaged into the scalp to treat and prevent dandruff.
- Neem oil is applied to the skin to treat muscle aches and joint pain.
- Neem has actively been used for centuries to treat the swelling, pain and inflammation caused by arthritis. According to Ayurvedic medicine, neem effectively heals arthritis and prevents the progression of the disease.
- Neem is commonly used to treat acidity and heartburn, stomach pains and constipation.
- Neem is believed to be a powerful natural cleanser and is said to effectively remove toxins from the blood.
- Neem has long been used to manage and treat diabetes in Ayurvedic medicine.
- Neem is believed to help controls blood glucose levels and increase insulin sensitivity.
- Ayurvedic medicine has long prescribed various neem based formulas to help treat and prevent cancers.
- The twigs from the neem tree are commonly used as natural tooth brushes to clean the mouth and to promote oral health.
- Mouth washes and neem based toothpastes are used to actively treat tooth decay, treat inflamed gums and help prevent cavities.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Pippalamool
Latin Name: Piper longum
English Name: Long pepper
(By the US National Library of Medicine – National Institute of Health)
Long pepper or Piper longum, also known in Ayurveda as Pipplamool, is most commonly used to treat chronic bronchitis, asthma, constipation, gonorrhea, paralysis of the tongue, diarrhea, cholera, chronic malaria, viral hepatitis, respiratory infections, stomachache, bronchitis, diseases of the spleen, cough, and tumors. Piper Longum has shown anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, melanin-inhibiting, anti-amoebic, anti-obesity, radioprotective, cardioprotective and antifungal properties. Piper longum has demonstrated remarkable effects against numerous diseases and conditions, including cancer, inflammation, depression, diabetes, obesity, and hepatotoxicity. The plant markedly improves microbial infections, cardiac disease, and protects against the effects of radiation. The specific effects of the plant make it more useful for human beings. Furthermore, the plant appears to be nontoxic, even with the use of high doses of the plant extracts.
We conclude that this plant is safe and effective for use in various diseases. The plant is easily available, inexpensive, and free from adverse effects. Piperine present in black pepper acts as a thermogenic compound. Piperine enhances the thermogenesis of lipid and accelerates energy metabolism in the body and also increases the serotonin and beta-endorphin production in the brain.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Punarnava
Latin Name: Boerhavia diffusa
English Name: Boerhavia
Boerhavia, also known in Ayurveda as Punarnava, is a well known diuretic, anti-spasmodic and anti-inflammatory agent in urinary tract infections. The plant has traditionally been used to reduce edema associated with kidney, heart, gastrointestinal tract disorders, and general debility. It has both diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties and therefore is useful in inflammatory renal diseases. The antiedema action is beneficial for congestive heart failure, when it is often administered with Arjuna bark. The plant has an official status in the Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia, 2002, as a diuretic and hepato-protective agent. It has been used to treat edema and ascites resulting from early cirrhosis of the liver and in chronic peritonitis. Punarnava helps in maintaining efficient kidney functions and in toning of the Urinary Tract system.
This herb is known to be a boon for the Liver. Punarnava is Nature’s gift for us, as it is highly advantageous for the liver. This herb is a natural toner of the liver. When the body has to fight an infection of any form, our liver is the vital organ that takes the entire stress. As a consequence, the patient is fatigued and lethargic and continues to be in this state for a long passage of time. Punarnava restores health, stamina and vitality, and is used for a number of disorders of the liver such as hepatitis, jaundice, iron deficiency anaemia, anorexia, sluggish liver etc. Punarnava comes as the drug of choice from an Ayurvedic physician.
Research has established that this herb reconditions the liver, purifies the blood and aids in increasing the basic haemoglobin of an individual. Punarnava is believed to be useful in purifying the blood and also the gastric juices.
Punarnava promotes the removal of catarrhal matter and phlegm from the bronchial tubes. It is, therefore, beneficial in the treatment of asthma.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Sendha namak
Latin Name: Halite
English Name: Rock salt
Rock salt, known in Ayurveda as Kali mirch, contains all of the 84 elements found in your body. It stimulates digestion and also improves appetite. Bowel functioning is improved and also acidity is reduced, thereby helping in gastritis. This salt kills the bacteria present in the airway and flushes out the mucus present there. It contains iron, magnesium, copper and calcium that are essential for many organs of the body. When combined with other spices and herbs, rock salt is very effective for stomach diseases.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Safed musali
Latin Name: Asparagus adscendens
English Name: Asparagus
Amongst medicinal plants, Asparagus, also known in Ayurveda as Safed musali, is considered as a nature’s gift. It is said to be a powerful aphrodisiac as well as a health tonic. It is a rich source of over 25 alkaloids, vitamins, minerals, proteins and carbohydrates. By virtue of being an herb, Safed musli has been found to be an ideal aphrodisiac with no negative side effects. Realizing it, the Gujarat State Forest Development Corporation, India, has lately launched a Safed Musli–based potency drug which is gradually gaining acceptance as an Indian Herbal Viagra. It is often prescribed for enhancing male potency and overcoming signs of fatigue. It is particularly used for individuals with low sperm count, low libido and premature ejaculation.
It is also regarded as an energy booster in asthmatic conditions. The roots of the herb are also used to strengthen the general immune system of the body. The tuber roots of the plant have been used since ancient times to prepare nutritive tonic for sexual weakness and they are used in Ayurvedic medicines even today.
Safed musli proves useful as a nutritive tonic for both the mother and the fetus, during pregnancy and it is also used to replenish the body fluids during the post-partum stage. The herb improves the quantity and flow of breast milk in feeding mothers. In addition, research has indicated that the plant species can be used for diabetes and arthritic conditions. Its regular use causes increase in the level of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL or good cholesterol) and decrease in level of the plasma and hepatic lipid profiles.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Salab Misri
Latin Name: Orchis mascula
English Name: Salep orchid
Salep orchid, known in Ayurveda as Salab misri, is one of the herbs that is very effective in promoting sexual performance. It works as an excellent aphrodisiac agent that is very helpful in treating various diseases related to sexual heath. It is very helpful in treating diseases like premature ejaculation, impotence and erectile dysfunction. It is a nerve stimulant and revigorating tonic that has long been known for its value in cases of sexual weakness. It has also been tested recently for cases of nervous debility, and helps in increasing low sperm count. This potent herb enriched with astringent, demulcent, expectorant, nutritive and restorative properties improves the overall well being of a person. It also helps in nourishing brain cells and improving the concentration power. Preventing anxiety, improving digestive functions and curing dysfunction of the reproductive system are other advantages of using Salab misri.
Used in Sai Herbals Products: Mantonic
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Saptarangi mool
Latin Name: Casearia esculenta
English Name: Wild coryfruit
Wild coryfrouit, known in Ayurveda as Saptarangi mool, an indigenous plant in South India, is said to be helpful in the following conditions: Liver disorders, piles, blood disorders, peduncles, inflammations, pains, diabetes, menstrual disturbances.
Decoction made out of the root of this plant help in correcting the liver related ailments. Saptarangi mool is a very effective remedy for piles or hemorrhoids. It purifies the blood and helps in healing infections. It is a wonderful remedy in treating diabetic cases. It also is used in menses related disturbances. The root and the bark of Casearia esculenta (Wild coryfrouit) are extensively used in the indigenous system of medicine as an antidiabetic due to their hypoglycemic activity. The roots are especially efficacious in milder chronic diabetic cases. The root contains leucopelargonidin, arabinose, dulcitol, beta-sitosterol and another sterol, and two resinous substances having hypoglycemic activity have also been reported.
Studies have shown that it lowers blood glucose level under normal and glucoseload conditions, and in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in rats. The study also indicated that C. esculenta root extract at doses of 200 and 300 mg/kg restored all the antioxidant parameters to near normal value.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Sarpagandha
Latin Name: Rauwolfa serpentina
English Name: Rauwolfia
Rauwolfia, known in Ayurveda as Sarpagandha, has been used in the ancient system of medicine for the treatment of insomnia, hyper irritability and insanity. Research workers have discovered that it is highly effective in the treatment of hypertension. It has a quick effect on high blood pressure and it keeps the high blood pressure under control. A noteworthy feature is that it never lowers the blood pressure below the right limit. It induces sound sleep. It relieves tension, anxiety and worry. Whenever a patient is extremely irritable and is behaving in an unruly manner, Sarpagandha has been found effective. However, it should be used with great care in the case of the debilitated, or those habitually depressed.
Rauwolfia is native to India. The trade name 'rauwolfia' pertains to a 16th century German botanist and physician, Leonard Rauwolfia. This plant is assumed to have been in use in Indian system of medicine from more than 4,000 years. Rauwolfia's roots have been valued in India and the Malayan peninsula since pre-historic times as a solution for the bites of venomous reptiles and insects. Rauwolfia has widespread uses in various lines of chronic ailments, like lunacy, sleeplessness, hysteria, urticaria or rising blood pressure.
Rauwolfia is the best antidote for high blood pressure, and it has been confirmed by medical fraternity in most countries, particularly American countries. Those alkaloids, which have a direct effect on hypertension, have been sequestered in it and are extensively used by the practicians of modern medicine. Rauwolfia is also very efficient in curing hysteria.
Used in Sai Herbals Products: BP Free
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Sarphonka
Latin Name: Tephrosia purpurea
English Name: Wild indigo
The plant of Wild Indigo, known in Ayurveda as Sarphonka, has been used for a long time in folk medicine for the management of several diseases, including ulcers and other internal wounds.
According to Ayurveda, the plant is anthelmintic, alexiteric, alterative, and antipyretic. It is used in the treatment of leprosy, ulcers, asthma, and tumors, as well as diseases of the liver, spleen, heart, and blood. A decoction of the roots is given in dyspepsia, diarrhea, rheumatism, asthma and urinary disorders. This herb has also been used in combination with some other herbs for problems of the reproductive system and other related diseases.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Saunth
Latin Name: Zingiber officinale
English Name: Ginger
Ginger, known in Ayurveda as Saunth, has been well researched and many of its traditional uses confirmed. It is a well known remedy for travel sickness, nausea and indigestion. It is a warming remedy, ideal for boosting the circulation, lowering high blood pressure and keeping the blood thin when taken in higher doses. Ginger is anti-viral and makes a warming cold and flu remedy. Ginger is a powerful anti-inflammatory herb and there has been much recent interest in its use for joint problems.
Ginger may also be taken orally as an herbal remedy to prevent or relieve nausea resulting from chemotherapy, motion sickness, pregnancy, and surgery. Ginger has been known to ease inflammation of the joints and muscle tissue. Due to its tremendous circulation-increasing qualities, ginger is thought to improve the complexion. It helps reduce nervousness, ease tendonitis, and helps sore throats return to normal. Studies demonstrate that ginger can lower cholesterol levels by reducing cholesterol absorption in the blood and liver.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Shankhabhasma
Latin Name: Conch shell powder
English Name: Oyster shell calcium
Oyster shell calcium, commonly used in Ayurveda in its variation as Shankhabasma, is used to prevent or treat low blood calcium levels in people who do not get enough calcium from their diets. It may be used to treat conditions caused by low calcium levels such as bone loss (osteoporosis), weak bones (osteomalacia/rickets), decreased activity of the parathyroid gland (hypoparathyroidism), and a certain muscle disease (latent tetany). It may also be used in certain patients to make sure they are getting enough calcium (e.g., women who are pregnant, nursing, or postmenopausal, people taking certain medications such as phenytoin, phenobarbital, or prednisone).
Calcium plays a very important role in the body. It is necessary for normal functioning of nerves, cells, muscle, and bone. If there is not enough calcium in the blood, then the body will take calcium from bones, thereby weakening bones. Having the right amount of calcium is important for building and keeping strong bones.
Used in Sai Herbals Products: Bone Tonic
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Shankhpushpi
Latin Name: Convolvulus pluricaulis
English Name: Bindweed
Bindweed, known in Ayurveda as Shankhpushpi, is one among the common herbal remedies suggested for improving the brain power and memory of a person, and it has been used for centuries for the treatment of memory loss. This herbal medicine is a rich composition of alkaloids, sucrose, alkaloids, and glycosides. It acts as a natural tonic for curing nervous weakness, insomnia, memory loss and fatigue.
The herb is also used as one of the most important ingredients in the treatment of disorders/syndromes, such as hypertension, hypotension, anxiety neurosis, stresses etc. It is also beneficial in rejuvenation therapy and works as psycho-stimulant and tranquilizer. The extract from Shankhapushpi helps in reducing the level of cholesterol in blood, including triglycerides, phospholipids and fatty acids. The herb is helpful in fighting ulcers that are formed in the body due to glycoprotiens and mucous secretions, improving the nerve tissues and bone marrow quality. Studies on shankhapushpi have also put forward its benefits as a remedy for hypothyroidism.
Shankhpushpi is also one of the best herbs that are used for enhancing beauty and helps in nourishing all the layers of skin. The herb serves to induce a feeling of calm and peace, promote good sleep and bring relief in anxiety and mental fatigue. It brings a significant reduction in anxiety levels and neuroticism occurring due to varied stress levels. Shankhapushpi has an invigorating effect on overall health and promotes health and a healthy weight gain. It also helps in removing certain types of fatty acids that are harmful for the body.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Shatavari
Latin Name: Asparagus racemosus
English Name: Shatavari
Shatavari, else known as Asparagus racemosus, is a safe herbal remedy for brain power and memory. Roots and leaves of this herb are mainly used for the preparation of ayurvedic medicines. Shatavari is equipped with lots of health benefits. Some among the main health benefits shatavari include maintainance of the hormonal balance, nourishment of the reproductive system, improvement of libido, enhancement of the functioning of the immune system and digestive system.
The roots are bitter, sweet, emollient, antispasmodic, cooling, demulcent, diuretic, nervine, tonic, constipating or antidiarrhetic, opthalimic, galactagogue, nutritive, mucilaginous, refrigerant, aphrodisiac, stomachic and antidysenteric. They are useful in nervous disorders, dyspepsia, tumours, scalding of urine, throat infections, tuberculosis, cough bronchitis, general debility, muscle spasms, rheumatism, stomach ulcers, and hematemesis. Shatavari helps in strengthening from the after effects of chemotherapy. This herb is good for chronic fevers, herpes, hyperacidity, boosting of the immune system against AIDS, useful in impotence, infertility, leucorrhoea and menopause.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Shilajit
Latin Name: Purified asphaltum (syn. Asphaltum punjabianum)
English Name: Mineral pitch
Shilajit is a mineral that has great healing properties. It has been known to be effective in:
• Increasing the quantity and quality of sperm in males.
• Works as an aphrodisiac.
• Shilajit is also effective in increasing the level of sexual stamina in men.
• It can be used as a health tonic, which enhances the immune system.
• Revitalizes body cells and muscles.
• It is highly nutritive and can be taken as an anti-oxidant.
• Reduces general weakness and enhances stamina.
Shilajit is considered as an agent which helps in strengthening our nervous system, thereby it is very helpful in nervous disorders like paralysis, hemiplegia etc. It is said to be a good remedy in arthritic conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout and other joint related problems.
It is a very important supplement in ayurvedic system of medicine, which helps in increasing strength and endurance power in men. It works as an aphrodisiac agent thereby helps in increasing sperm count and also helps in enhancing the quality of sperms. It also helps in regulating sex hormones for proper functioning. It has been regarded to be very helpful in enhancing sexual functions.
Shilajit is highly recommended in patients who are weak or have been recovering from prolonged illness or from any surgery. Shilajit helps in supplementing the minerals (like phosphorus, calcium and magnesium) and vitamin deficiency in body.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Tagara
Latin Name: Valeriana wallichi
English Name: Indian valerian
Indian valerian, known in Ayurveda as Tagara, is beneficial in insomnia, for eyes, and the central nervous system. It is an anti-toxin and antiepileptic, helps alleviate diseases of the head, and is useful in hysteria. It is an analgesic, antiepileptic, and reduces blood pressure. Apart from this, the herb shows laxative, analgesic, hepato-stimulanting, antispasmodic, cardio-stimulanting, and CNS depressant properties, and is a sedative, appetizer and nervine tonic.
This herb is very useful for those suffering from insomnia, as it helps the patient to fall asleep quickly and allows them to wake up without feeling stupefied. The extract of the herb reduces brain and spinal cord irritability and is considered a good remedy for those suffering from restlessness, and stress-related anxiety, without impairing the ability to concentrate, providing a feeling of calmness. In combination with some other herbs, it can be helpful in chronic headaches like migraine, vertigo, convultions, neuralgia, nervous disorders, anger, depression, anxiety and stress.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Triphala (Amla + Haritaki + Bibhitaki)
Latin Name: Phyllanthus embilica + Terminalia chebula + Terminalia bellirica
English Name: Indian gooseberry + Chebulic myrobalan + Belleric myrobalan
In a survey conducted worldwide, Triphala was considered the best colon cleanser in the world. Triphala is a mixture of three herbs in equal ratios, namely Amla, Haritaki and Bibhitaki. All three herbs in Triphala are laxative in nature and very beneficial in removing toxins. Colon cleansing is an ancient and proven practice for rejuvenating the body. Colon cleansing helps detoxify and clean decayed food residues and other toxic substances accumulated in the intestine walls. This not only gets rid of constipation, hemorrhoids, parasites, flatulence, acne, bad breath and foul body but also prevents colon cancer. Colon cleansing also helps to relieve headaches, irritability, and depression.
Triphala, formulated by Ayurvedic physicians thousands of years ago and used by literally billions of people since, is considered the most effective and safest laxative and colon tonic by most health care practitioners. It improves the absorption of food in intestines especially in the duodenum where most chemical digestion takes place. Triphala also helps to stimulate various gastric enzymes that help to convert complex food into a more easily digestible form. More over, Triphala stimulates the peristaltic action of the intestinal lining (due to its anthroquinones and other bitters) that also aids in proper movement of food at various levels of the digestive tract. It is also helpful in making the stool loose thereby facilitating the easy evacuation of the bowel. While Triphala is somewhat laxative to many people due to the anthoquinones, the balance of tannins naturally present has a toning effect.
In vitro studies have also shown that triphala is lethal to a variety of gastrointestinal pathogens, including bacteria such as Salmonella typhii, Shigella, Klebsiella and Pseudomonas, and fungi like Candida albicans.
A comparative study of the efficacy of Emblica officinalis (Indian gooseberry/ Amla) fruit powder with a conventional antacid formulation was performed. In a 4 week study, 38 patients with dyspepsia and with or without stomach ulcer were divided into two groups. One group received the fruit powder and the other, the antacid. Emblica was used at the level of 3 gm per dose, three times a day while gel antacid was used at 30 ml per dose, up to 6 times a day. The improvement in the clinical symptoms score (belching, fullness, heartburn, regurgitation, nausea and vomiting) in ulcer dyspeptics was from the initial 4.2 to 0.4 (p < 0.01) post treatment score for antacid group, and 4.6 to 0.6 (p<0.05) for the Emblica group. Endoscopic examination showed all ulcers in the antacid group in the process of healing, while all but one patient in Emblica group had completely healed ulcers. In the non-ulcer group both antacid and Emblica produced a significant decrease in clinical symptoms score from 4.4 to 1.53 (p<0.01) and 5.0 to 1.61 (p<0.01) respectively.
Triphala's benefits for the digestive system make it a very useful herbal medicine for treating Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Ulcerative Colitis. One recent molecular finding supports Triphala's traditional use in treating obesity. Both overeating and obesity disrupt digestion and overburden the gastrointestinal tract, including the liver and bowel. As a result, digestion is compromised, leading to poor nutrient assimilation, imbalance and overgrowth in the intestinal microflora, and rotting of ill-digested food. For such conditions, triphala can be highly effective in removing stagnation of both the liver and intestines.
Triphala is also known to be effective for Blood Purification, Blood Circulation and Blood pressure. Triphala's strong affinity for micro-organisms prevents them from causing damage in the body and renders them inactive. This astringent property of Triphala helps in purification of blood and also helps in maintaining the proper density of the blood. Hence it is very helpful in eradicating all blood borne diseases and also skin related problems. Triphala reduces the serum cholesterol, and high blood pressure. It significantly improves functioning of the liver as well as blood circulation. In addition, it has the ability to exert a remarkable protection against cardiovascular diseases. Triphala reduces the plaque formation in the arteries, thereby reducing the risk of heart related problems caused due to arteriosclerosis.
Triphala has powerful anti-oxidant agents that help in regularizing the metabolism of cells and ease their proper functioning. This reduces the risk of production of free radicals that are the main cause of aging. It also stimulates the functioning of cell organelles like mitochondria, golgi bodies and nucleus that play a vital role in proper functioning of the cell. Recent studies have shown Triphala to be an anti-cancer agent. It has the ability to kill tumor cells while sparing normal ones.
Triphala is very effective in treating diabetes mellitus and it helps in stimulating the pancreas. Pancreas contains islet of langerhans that secretes insulin. Insulin is responsible for maintaining the proper glucose level in the body. In a study conducted by the American Botanical Council, it was shown that Triphala greatly reduced blood glucose levels in diabetic rats. The study concluded that the mechanism of action of these extracts for lowering blood glucose is not known, but they may decrease the effect of inflammatory cytokine release in diabetics, which in turn might reduce insulin resistance. Triphala is also useful for all eye diseases including the treatment of conjunctivitis, progressive myopia, the early stages of glaucoma and cataracts.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Tulsi
Latin Name: Ocimum sanctum
English Name: Holy basil
Holy basil plant, known in Ayurveda as Tulsi, has many medicinal properties. The leaves are a nerve tonic and also sharpen memory. They promote the removal of the catarrhal matter and phlegm from the bronchial tube. The leaves strengthen the stomach and induce copious perspiration. The seed of the plant are mucilaginous. The leaves of basil are specific for many fevers. During the rainy season, when malaria and dengue fever are widely prevalent, tender leaves, boiled with tea, act as preventive against theses diseases. In children, tulsi is every effective in bringing down the temperature. Tulsi is an important constituent of many Ayurvedic cough syrups and expectorants. It helps to mobilize mucus in bronchitis and asthma. Chewing tulsi leaves relieves cold and flu.
The herb is useful in the treatment of respiratory system disorders. A decoction of the leaves, with honey and ginger is an effective remedy for bronchitis, asthma, influenza, cough and cold. A decoction of the leaves, cloves and common salt also gives immediate relief in case of influenza.
Holy Basil leaves are regarded as an 'adaptogen' or anti-stress agent. Recent studies have shown that the leaves afford significant protection against stress. Even healthy persons can chew 12 leaves of basil, twice a day, to prevent stress. It purifies the blood and helps prevent several common elements.
The herb is a prophylactic or preventive and curative for insect stings or bites. A teaspoonful of the juice of the leaves is taken and this is repeated after a few hours. Fresh juice must also be applied to the affected parts. A paste of fresh roots is also effective in case of bites of insects and leeches.
Applied locally, basil juice is beneficial in the treatment of ringworm and other skin diseases. It has also been tried successfully by some naturopaths in the treatment of leucoderma.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Vacha
Latin Name: Acorus calamus
English Name: Calamus
Calamus, known in Ayurveda as Vacha, is one of the most renowned herbs used for mental disorders and diseases of the nervous system. Vacha is one of the rare medicines which is mentiond in the Vedas. Ayurvedic healers found that it benefitted not only the brain and the nervous system but also to other parts of the body.
In the Ayurvedic system Vacha is used as a nervine tonic and an anti-stammering drug. Experimental studies have shown that it is a potent psycho-pharmacological agent having a positive effect on the memory and the learning process. Many Ancient texts have described Vacha as an anti-epileptic and anti-hysteric herb. It is also known to possess carminative, digestive, diuretic and mildly sedative properties. Though as a psychotropic medicine Vacha is beneficial in cases of anxiety and depression, it is best used as a nervine tonic.
Ayurvedic texts suggest that Vacha is the premium herb to be used in cases of mental retardation, stupor, syncope and epilepsy. This herb is also helpful in many other problems like anorexia, chronic gastritis, hypertension, sluggishness of the liver, as well as in skin diseases.
As a household remedy some of the common uses of Vacha are as under: Combine in equal amounts the powders of Vacha, Shankhpushpi and Brahmi. Half a teaspoonful of this powder mixed with one teaspoonful of honey, if taken daily, is a good adjunct in cases of epilepsy and mental retardation.
Vacha gives immediate relief in stomach problems. It clears a distended and uncomfortable stomach and also relieves headache associated with weak digestion. It clears flatulence and colic and increases appetite. It has been found useful in treating anorexia, gastritis and gastric ulcers. This has been most effective from ancient days in assuring remedy to children ailing with stomach disorders. It is an inevitable ingredient for chronic diarrhea and dysentery. A pinch of this powder can be given in the morning and evening to clear worms in intestines of children. In Siddha system it is used with equal portions of Asafetida, Chebulic myrobalan (Haritaki), Black salt, dry Ginger, Long pepper and Black pepper to treat epilepsy and mental disorders. In olden days Vacha has been used as an antibiotic and as a successful antidote when epidemics were in prevalence.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Vanya Kahu
Latin Name: Lactuca scariola
English Name: Prickly lettuce
Prickly lettuce, known in Ayurveda as Vanya Kahu, is very useful in increasing low sperm count and in overcoming low libido. This herb is said to increase potency and enhance male fertility. Vanya Kahu stimulates the sex drive in men and improves the sperm quality. When taken for about a week it can resolve any of the sex problems caused by inadequate blood supply. This herb is used in combination with some other herbs to make a very effective remedy for sexual health.
Used in Sai Herbals Products: Mantonic
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Varuna
Latin Name: Crataeva nurvala
English Name: Three leaved caper
The bark of the Three leaved caper, known in Ayurveda as Varuna, is believed to have antioxidant, contraceptive, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and urinary-renal supportive qualities, the root is laxative and lithinotriptic and the leaves are believed to be stomachic and tonic.
Vacha is one of the best litholytic herbs (ability to break up stones). Scientific research has indicated that lupeol, a constituent of Varuna, deactivates the enzyme glycolate oxidase, reducing the body’s production of oxalates which combine with calcium to form kidney stones.
Varuna is an important Ayurvedic herb that is especially valued for its effectiveness in the treatment of renal conditions. Varuna is also discussed in ancient Vedic literature as an important herb for use as a blood purifier. The bark of Varuna is believed to be especially effective when used to treat infections of the urinary tract.
Varuna is believed to relieve difficulty in urination caused by enlarged prostate and it has been used tradititonally as a natural herbal treatment in urinary calculi, dysuria (painful urination) and cystitis. Varuna is often used topically to dilate superficial capillaries and stimulate circulation and scientific research has demonstrated that varuna may support the cardiovascular system by maintaining the suppleness and openness of the arteries. Crataeva nurvala is used as a cholegogue (to promote the discharge of bile from the system), anthelmintic ( to expel worms) and anti-amoebic in both intestinal and heptatic infestations.
Varuna is considered to be a useful herb for anorexia, tumors and liver disorders and externally, varuna is used as a poultice for the treatment of cervical adenitis, abscess, enlarged spleen, rheumatic joint pain, and edematous wounds. Varuna has been studied clinically to determine its antilithic effect in patients with kidney stones caused by calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate nephrolithiasis. Treatment with the herb provided relief from pain and dysuria and the disappearance of urinary crystals in 65-70% of patients with stones caused by calcium oxalate group, and in 50-70% of those patients with stones caused by calcium phosphate. Radiological examination revealed a reduction in the size of kidney stones.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Vasaka
Latin Name: Justicia adhatoda (syn. Adhatoda vasica)
English Name: Malabar nut tree
Malabar nut tree, known in Ayurveda as Vasaka, relieves phlegm and gives relief where the phlegm is thick by liquefying it. It provides overall support of the respiratory function and maintains optimum bronchial effectiveness. It is a remedy for acute bronchitis where the sputum becomes sticky and thick. Vasaka liquefies the sputum and brings it out of the body. In Ayurveda, Vasaka is the main remedy for Asthma.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Vata
Latin Name: Ficus benghalensis
English Name: Banyan
Banyan, known in Ayurveda as Vata, is useful in male and female sterility. For curing female sterility, roots of Banyan tree are highly beneficial. Roots' powder should be mixed with milk and taken at bedtime for three consecutive nights after the periods till conception occurs. The herb is helpful in gaining strength, improving growth of the body, enhancing muscles, maintaining good health and in men it is helpful for improving sperm count and in cases of premature ejaculation. For women, it helps in fertility, menstrual disorders, prevention of miscarriages, and in keeping the body young. The leaf buds and bark of the tree are useful in stopping excess bleeding. Vata also helps keep breasts firm.
Used in Sai Herbals Products: Fem Health
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Vathada
Latin Name: Prunus amygdalus
English Name: Almond
Almonds, also known in Ayurveda as Vathada, have 90% unsaturated fats, and are high in protein, fiber, calcium, magnesium, potassium, folic acid, vitamin B & E, and other antioxidants. Almonds help prevent osteoporosis and are known to regulate blood pressure and sugar levels. They also lower stress levels, reduce the risk of heart attacks and also help in Alzheimer’s disease. Regular consumption of almonds maintains the health of the skin and hair as well.
Almonds contain some important phytochemicals such as sphingolipid, beta-sitosterol, daucosterol, uridine, and adenosine. Almonds also contain a protein called amandin which is a legumin type protein. Almonds have been found to have a consistent low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering effect in healthy individuals, and in individuals with high cholesterol and diabetes, in both controlled and free-living settings. Biologically active by nature, these nutrients target primary mechanistic routes of LDL-C reduction, including decreased (re)absorption of cholesterol and bile acid, increased bile acid and cholesterol excretion, and increased LDL-C receptor activity.
In a study, researchers fed 38 human subjects with high cholesterol profiles with heart- healthy diets including 100g of one of three forms of almonds: roasted salted almonds, roasted almond butter or raw almonds for four weeks. They found that all forms of almonds in the context of a heart-healthy diet significantly lowered low-density Lipoprotein - cholesterol (LDL) from baseline to the completion of the study. Both raw and roasted almonds significantly lowered triglyceride levels. Researchers supplied 22 healthy subjects with either whole almonds or almond oil for 6-week periods. They found that fat replacement with whole almonds and almond oil resulted in a 54% increase in percentage of energy.
Almond oil has long been used in complementary medicine circles for its numerous health benefits. In addition to the benefits discussed before, almond oil may also improve bowel transit. The reference states a reduced incidence of colonic cancer. Historically, almond oil had been used to treat dry skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema. Almond oil seemingly reduces hypertrophic scarring post-operatively, smoothes and rejuvenates skin. Almond oil has emollient and sclerosant properties and, therefore, has been used to improve complexion and skin tone.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Vidhara
Latin Name: Argyreia speciosa (syn. Argyreia nervosa)
English Name: Elephant creeper
Elephant creeper, known in Ayurveda as Vidhara, is used as a substitute for the drug described under the name of 'Vriddhadaraka'. In Ayurveda, the root is regarded as alterative, tonic and useful in rheumatic affections and diseases of the nervous system. The root is bitter, aphrodisiac, diuretic and used in gonorrhoea, rheumatism and diseases of the nervous system. It is also used as a tonic in sex enhancement. It is also used in obesity, hoarseness, syphilis, anaemia, diabetes, tuberculosis and general debility.
According to Ayurveda, Vidhara helps to suppres vata and kapha dosha. It helps in healing of wounds and in increasing blood circulation to the effective part. It strengthens the nervous system and promotes memory. It is anti-inflammatory in action and is a cardiac supporter. It helps in digestion. It is also helpful in throat related problems. It increases sperms count and decreases the inflammation in the uterus. It is also helpful in resolving urine related problems and is also effective in diabetes. Vidhara also a good nervine tonic and strengthens the body.
Hindi/Sanskrit Name: Yashtimadhu
Latin Name: Glycyrrhiza glabra (syn. Glycyrrhiza glandulifera)
English Name: Licorice
Licorice, also known in Ayurveda as Yashtimadhu, has a wide use in alternative healing field. It is helpful in treating many kind of diseases and infections like stomach infections, heart burns and other stomach problems like ulcers, inflammation and it also helps in digestion. It is also used in cough, asthma, throat problems, and liver problems. If one looks for the uses of licorice then he will get to know that this herb is used in almost all the fields and has a wide range in medication uses. It may also prove helpful for healing Hepatitis, Cirrhosis, allergies, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), mucus secretions. It also helps fights against high cholesterol, certain skin problems and is used in combination with other herbs for various health conditions.